E | Everest
The top of the world is a phrase used to describe a person or a group of those who’ve made it. Are at a high point of their lives mentally, physically, economically and/or spiritually. They just feel extremely happy and healthy. But can we really say that about being in the literal top of the world, the summit of Mt. Everest
Introduction to Everest
Lying in the eastern province of the country, at the Nepal-Tibet border is the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest. It is accessed from the Nepal side through the Namche Bazzar of Solukhumbu district. Everest is the dream of many mountain climbers, who dream of reaching the literal Top of the World. It was first summited in 1953 A.D. by mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. The Everest has been since summited by 4000+ more people. Locally it’s been named after the goddess of the sky, Sagarmatha. The summit stands at an elevation of 8848m above sea levels.
Introduction to the world
Now the fun fact about the top of the world is that it was not always considered so. Until the Great Trigonometrically Survey of India in 1852 A.D. the highest peak was thought to be the Kangchenjunga peak. It lies in the Taplejung district of Nepal. However, the results from this study showed that it was in fact, Everest. Then known as Peak XV, it was declared the highest. The peak was then named after the first surveyor of India George Everest.
Mt. Everest is a part of a mountain group named the Everest Massif. This also includes Lhotse, Nuptse, Cho Oyu, and Makalu. All these peaks are parts or lie somewhere near national park areas. Mostly the Sagarmatha and the Makalu Barun National Park.
Reaching Everest is also a task of its own. The journey, at least in the Nepalese side, begins with the Namche Bazar area. This place is the gateway to the Everest. There are various routes to getting here. There’s the Kathmandu to Namche Bazzar route by land, which is a safer option when compared to the alternative of flying to the Lukla Airport, which is known as one of the most dangerous airports in the world. The first option takes you directly to Namche Bazzar, while you have to trek from Lukla to Namche Bazar should you choose that route.
Once you get there there are 18 different routes to summit the peak. There are five camps throughout the journey to the top. However, a permit is required to climb the Everest. This is a requirement for climbing from either of the Nepalese side and the Tibetan side. Of the 18 available, the two main routes are the southeastern ridge from Nepal and the North ridge from Tibet, and this is a Nepalese tourism site so lets get to the Southern side of things shall we?
The ascent begins with the Base camp that’s a hike from the village of Namche Bazzar. Climbing equipment and supplies are carried by the yaks, dzopkyos, and of course good ol’ human porters upto the base campsite. There at the base camp, the climbers get used to and start preparing for the climb. The climbers go through an icefall to make it to Camp 1. Then they make their way through the western face of another peak in the Vicinity Lhotse, to advance to Camp 2.by this point the climbers are well above the 6500m ascend. The climbers over time make it to Camp 4 which is at an elevation of 7920m. From there they climb directly to the peak with a few resting points.
Peeps who Peaked
Of the 4000+ people who summited the peak since its first summit by Hillary and Sherpa, there have been some other notable climbs too. Junko Tabei became the first female to the summit in 1975 while Yuichiro Miura became the oldest person to the summit at the age of 80 years. Then there\s the youngest person to reach the peak when Jordan Romero stood at the top of the world at 13 years 10 months 10 days of age. Then there’s Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa and Apa Sherpa who hold the record for the most summit of the peak with 21 successful ascents from 1999 to 2013.
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